Traitement Comptable d’Opérations Spécifiques · pdf · Eco-S5-EG · Seminaire · IVmanuel de Procedure · txt · mef2-français1-L03 · Etre Humain Et Ses. La campagne suivante, ces chiffres sont passés à 2 ,26 hectares inspectés . le développement de l’agriculture par l’adoption de la loi d’orientation agricole et .. TUNISIE: SOTUPRESSE – BP – 3 rue du Maroc – Tunis RP – Tunisie. Product Address: N°57, Yasmina 1 B. P. Ait Melloul Tel: 2 BOYER, CARL B. Metropolitan New York. Section of the HSS. Isis, I , Hist., I, f. Medicine & health tectorat franqais au Maroc.) 26me s6rie . “Maimonide, docteur de la loi,” par Elie Munk;. “L’oeuvre.
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Thanks to the involvement of the WASA partners, actions in the field are becoming reality through commercial contracts, as Edo Lin explains in the article naroc page 8. The Alliance tfa set itself far-reachingambitions: To achieve this, the partners – both public and private – are investing in the entire valuechain. And one of the major keys in giving farmers access to quality seeds is efficient public-private partnerships.
Enjoy your reading and the Congress! Nathalie Ternois – Animatrice de la marooc Laurent Theeten, responsable image. Pour joindre le service commercial: Mathieu Tournier, 01 42 74 28 Michelle Metz, 03 87 69 89 Chantal Provot, 01 42 74 28 Olivier Guibert – Infocentre: Que faire pour les renforcer? What are the strengths of the national seed associations in Africa?
In some countries such as South Africa or Kenya, the associations are industry leaders, in partnership with the public seed sector. In other countries the associations face limitations. Both well established associations and those in the formative stages strive to accomplish their mission, which is mainly to create and maintain mzroc better seed business environment at national and regional levels, through an active and on-going advocacy with seed regulators.
Calaméo – Cultivar Seed Mars
Some associations do not have secretariat and have a low budget: The absence of an executive secretariat is an important bottleneck to the associations and, of concern, to AFSTA. In this regard, AFSTA is aware of the importance of an executive secretariat and strives to help them set up secretariats in partnership with various lok donors. The assistance is intended to provide start up funds, so as to have some activities going. In the long term, the association should derive its existence from local seed companies.
What about information sharing between associations? AFSTA secretariat has established a newsletter, and associations are supposed to contribute to it.
There is also an annual meeting rva the National Seed Trade Associations: Furthermore, associations are encouraged to send any important news to be shared with other AFSTA members. Is there any training to help national seed associations become more efficient? Other training courses concern organization, lobbying techniques and advocacy.
Training is an on-going activity and it is felt that the associations will themselves propose areas in which training should be provided. This is to ensure that training or any other seed related activity truly tv the needs of the associations. Je travaille maintenant Enock Chikava: Helaysoutwhathispriorities will be during his term of office.
Could you please present yourself tvw give any details about your current job at Monsanto? I was born in Zimbabwe, the 4th son of a smallholder farmer and civic leader Chief. I have always been very passionate about agriculture. After studying Agricultural Economics at degree level, my first job was with the Zimbabwe Farmers Union.
It was at that early professional life tv I fully understood the dire importance of seed in food safety and marc development in Africa. Ofalltheinputsusedinagriculture, none has the ability to affect productivity as much as seed.
Through its genetic properties, seed places the upper limit on yield potential and influences the productivity of other inputs like fertilizers, herbicides and water. I then joined Cargill Hybrid Seed company with a clear objective to use my wide knowledge on farmer needs, to develop marketing strategies to meet these farmer productivity needs at a good return to the company.
This is all that we do in the seed industry.
We empower farmers to produce more food, feed and fiber under the constraints of economic challenges and the many vagaries of weather. The use of improved seeds is the surest way of reducing malnutrition, hunger, starvation and poverty. With increased investment in research and development, improved seeds become the hallmark of any agricultural revolution. Where opportunities exist, farmers are now able to access seeds of not only high yield potential, but also seeds that enable farmers to actualize the yield by a built-in protection against insects, weeds and in the near future drought!
What will be your priorities? First, to promote the adoption of high quality seeds. Currently, Africa lags behind all continents of the world in the use of improved seeds. This is also reflected in the very low yields of all important food and cash crops.
At AFSTA, we will focus on engaging with governments, development organizations, donors, NGOs, farmers and all major stakeholders, to bring the awareness that seed is a key vehicle of productivity improvement. Another key objective is the promotion of the development and deployment of new germplasm in Africa. Most African countries do not have plant breeders rights to protect investments in research and development and this limits theparticipationofsomeinnovative seed industry players.
AFSTA will continue to engage governmentsandkeystakeholders through the national associations to ensure that new germplasm registration procedures are clarified and simplified and also that governments adopt and implement the UPOV, plant variety protection laws.
AFSTA will engage the regional bodiestoacceleratetheregulatory harmonization processes going on in these regions.
Last but not least, AFSTA will contribute positively to the big debates on hunger,climaticchange,economic crisis and will help to find local and Africa based solutions. Overall, I look forward with the help of the AFSTA board to build a strong and poi seed industry in Africa, and see the seed industry becoming more competitive, earning respect and trust with our stakeholders.
WASA partners are making investments all along the seed value chain including training of plant breeders, funding the development of new varieties, strengthening the input distribution system by training of agro-dealers, and working with agro-processors to ensure that they tba access to a reliable supply of quality raw materials.
National teams in Ghana, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Senegal, supported by technical experts, are already working both with public sector agencies ta commercial seed companies. WASA can assist commercial companies assess the adaptation and suitability of proprietary materials, and then facilitate the process of variety release necessary for commercialization.
WASA has helped companies to test hybrid vegetables and field crops, and this has already led to commercial orders.
A second order will follow soon. Another example with sorghum: Ram Shetty at r. Certain barriers to the trade in seeds lio gradually being lifted, for example through the creation of a sub-regional catalogue and development initiatives. Although Mali is a country focused on agriculture, forestry and pastoral activities, it has a small, yet active seed sector. However, certified seed only has a small share. These figures are higher in andbut are still low compared with the potential for quality seed requirements.
With reference to the official figures of cultivated areas excluding cotton, sugar cane and vegetable cropsa rapid calculation assesses the need at between 50, and 70, tonnes of seed. This is due to poor harvests in some areas and the lack of improved seed. Two million hectares with irrigation potential Nevertheless, agriculture in Mali has the strengths to envisage a better outlook: These account today for more than two million hectares, half of which is in the Niger River delta alone!
It has made an incalculable contributiontothedevelopment of large empires and kingdoms in the history of Mali. Agriculture and the seed sector have recently been given a development impetus, like the Rice initiative, implemented by the marco in It has then been extended to other crops, like maize and wheat. Added to this are other positive striking facts for the seed sector, currently undergoing harmonisation and integration, quotes the Chairman of ASSEMA: Agricultural development figures largely through the adoption of the Agricultural Guidelines Law and the drafting of new legislative and regulatory texts on seeds.
Added to this is a Tvva of State reporting directly to the Prime Minister who will be in charge of integrated development of the Office du Niger Zone.
In addition, a hydro-agricultural developmentproject,amounting to 21 billion CFA, should be starting shortly. Its aim is to overhaul and extend the irrigation system in this area. Until recently, these activities were carried out by the State in conjunction with the producer associationsandcooperatives. The Niger and its tributaries are on the side of Mali agriculture through irrigation. ASFIS provides a very wide range of training, expertise and consulting for seed professionals in: One objective of this project is to set up a legal entity capable of managing the varieties produced by participative selection.
Launched officially in February at Bamako, its special goal is to set up a legal entity capable of managing the varieties produced by participative selection in this country. It will then delegate this assignment to the new legal structure, which should last well beyondthe project end date.
It should develop integrated management of the agricultural biodiversity and consider all the factors helping to boost the sustainability of farming systems.
The legal formula has not yet been chosen, but one thing is certain: The challenge to bring together farmers and their organisations, researchers and NGOs under a formal structure will be huge. They all have their restrictions, their expectations and their priorities. Sorghum and millet Participative selection and PI: It is also the basis for the participative selection philosophy, which relies on integrating three research discipline – genetics, agro-ecology and social sciences – with the aim of pooling farmer and researcher knowledge.
They will be closer to understanding the need to develop the formal sector if they are made aware of the quality of seeds and the work required to select them.
Cultivar Seed Mars 2010
This participative selection work was carried out while yields of local sorghum varieties were stagnating and extending the planted surface was the only way to increase the harvest. The idea of this project was therefore to promote this genetic diversity, by maintaining the basic characteristics, but nevertheless increasing productivity. The question of intellectual property raises its head increasingly the more participative selection takes hold.
Article 52, which affords holders of known varieties protection, is an important provision. Many agricultural research centres have taken advantage of this to protect varieties used locally. The application of this annex will safeguard the gene pool and thus measure the importance of participative selection for small farmers, mainly through the payment of dues after the use of varieties produced by improving their seeds.
It will avoid the expropriation of plant genetic resources and create added value.